SCAMP4 enhances the senescent cell secretome
Abstract The senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) is a major trait of senescent cells, but the molecular regulators of SASP factor secretion are poorly understood. Mass spectrometry analysis revealed that secretory carrier membrane protein 4 (SCAMP4) levels were strikingly elevated on the surface of senescent cells compared with proliferating cells. Interestingly, silencing SCAMP4 in senescent fibroblasts reduced the secretion of SASP factors, including interleukin 6 (IL6), IL8, growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15), C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 1 (CXCL1), and IL7, while, conversely, SCAMP4 overexpression in proliferating fibroblasts increased SASP factor secretion. Our results indicate that SCAMP4 accumulates on the surface of senescent cells, promotes SASP factor secretion, and critically enhances the SASP phenotype.
Keywords : human diploid fibroblasts, SCAMP4, senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), cellular senescence